Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Code Named "Xenial Xerus" is the latest "Long Term Support" release of Ubuntu Linux (Official Release Date April 21st 2016). Ubuntu Linux is one of the most popular desktop distributions suited to both new and experienced users of the Linux Operating System. Included within this release of Ubuntu you will get as standard the Firefox Web Browser, RhythmBox Music Player and Manager, a Full Office Suite (Libre Office Version 5). The popular email client ThunderBird is also included as default. To download and install the Ubuntu 16.04 Linux Operating system, simply follow the instructional guide below. There are significant improvements within this latest release including a replacement for the "Ubuntu Software Centre" known now as "Software". Online search is now disabled by default. The "Unity" Launcher can now also be moved to the bottom of the screen.
Installing Ubuntu Linux (Ubuntu 16.04 LTS)
To try Ubuntu 16.04, simply download the "Desktop" image that matches your systems processor type (32bit or 64bit) from the link below:
Download Ubuntu 16.04
Once you have downloaded your chosen iso image of Ubuntu 16.04, you will need to burn this iso image to a DVD. For software that can do this, you can search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box provided above. Your computer may already have CD/DVD burning software already installed such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". Once you have burned your chosen "iso" image of Ubuntu to your Media, you will need to place your DVD disc into the DVD drive of the target system and reboot your system. As your computer system reboots, you will need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" or "F12". Most systems will display a message indicating which key needs to be pressed. Once you have access to your system's BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first. Once this change has been made, you can now reboot your system and follow the installation guide below. If you are installing into a Virtual Environment, simply copy the "iso" image to the relevant location provided by your software.
Once your system has booted, you will be greeted with a welcome screen similar to the one below. At this screen you have the option of "Try Ubuntu" or "Install Ubuntu". If you choose the option of "Try Ubuntu", you can try Ubuntu 16.04 LTS without installing anything to your systems hard drive. This option is very useful as it allows you to test your wifi settings and try out the operating system before committing to an installation. To "Install Ubuntu" Linux on to your hard drive, choose the option "Install Ubuntu". On the left of the screen you are given an option of selecting the Language that is to be used throughout. In the example below "English" has been chosen. A link is also provided that allows you to read the official release notes for this version of Ubuntu Linux.
Preparing to Install Ubuntu
At this screen you have the option of installing "third party software" for using "wifi", "graphics" and media. It is recommended you choose this option as it will provide your system with the necessary plugins/codecs for the playback of audio and video files. To select this option, simply place a tick in the selection box. There is also an option of installing any new available updates to your system as your installion is carried out. In the example below, both options have been selected. To continue with your installation, click on the "Continue" button in the lower right hand corner.
At this screen several installation options are available to choose from. In the example below, I am installing to an empty disk with no other operating systems or data present. If you have another operating system present, Ubuntu should find this and give you additional options regarding installing this new system along side the existing system. In this particular example I have chosen the option of "Erase disk and install Ubuntu". You may also choose the LVM (Logical Volume Manager) Option as this makes for the adding of additional disks at a later date easier to manage. However, it is not necessary to choose the "LVM" option.
(For more information regarding "LVM" see the LVM Guide) An option for the encrypting of your installation is available. You may wish to consider this option if your system is a portable device such as a Laptop or Netbook. If you would like to create your own partitions manually, then an option of "Something else" can be selected. Once you have made your selections, click on the "Install Now" option to continue with your installation.
Write the changes to disk?
Before you can continue with your installation, you will have to confirm you are happy with changes that are going to be made to your disks. Click "Continue" or use the option "Go Back" to make any amendments to your previous selections.
Where are you?
From this screen you must choose your geographical location. If you have an active "internet" connection, your location should be found automatically for you. This location setting will also be used for your system's time zone settings. If your location was not automatically found, or you wish to change the currently displayed location, simply type your new location into the search box provided.
At this screen you can select your keyboard settings and layout. In the example below I have chosen the keyboard layout "English (UK)". You can also try your keyboard settings by typing into the text box area provided. Once you have made your selection, click "Continue".
Who are you?
The following screen requires you to create a user on your system and provide a name (hostname) to identify your computer on your network. You will be asked to provide a user name and password. You must provide a name for your computer to be identified on your network (hostname). It is advisable to Select the option "require my password to login" as extra security (this is the default option). An option to encrypt your home area for added security is available. Simply place a tick in the selection box for this option. Once you have made your choices, click on "Continue".
Welcome to Ubuntu
This next phase is the actual installation of your new Operating System. As the software is installed, progress is indicated along the bottom of the screen. A slide show presentation can be viewed by clicking on the ">" arrows located to the side of the screen. Here you can get a quick overview of some of the new features and software that are included within this release of Ubuntu. No further action is required at this stage of the installation process.
Congratulations, your Ubuntu 16.04 LTS installation is now complete. You will now need to restart your computer to use your new installation. Please remove any installation media from your drives. Click "Restart Now" to start using your new system.
Ubuntu 16.04 Login Screen
Once your system has started, you should see a login screen similar to the one shown below. At this screen you must enter the password for the user you created in the previous steps.
Ubuntu Unity Desktop
Congratulations, you have successfully installed Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. You are now at the "Unity" desktop. To access all your software, click on the Ubuntu logo in the upper left hand corner of the screen.
If you have used an "Ubuntu Desktop" system before, you may have been familiar with the "Ubuntu Software Centre". In the latest version of Ubuntu, this has now been replaced with a new place for selecting software to install. The new utility is simply called "Software". To access the new "Software" store, simply click on the Ubuntu logo within the launcher and type "Software" into the search area. You should now see an icon called "Software". Simply click on the icon to launch the application.